Double deckers make a comeback
MAN introduces its stylish Lion’s City bus
Some designs make a comeback for the sake of nostalgia – think music on vinyl – while others return to offer a better product. Although the size of modern smartphones resembles the bulky block-like, hand-held phones from the 1970s, they are perceived as better products with increased screen area and improved technologies.
Similarly, MAN Automotive South Africa is introducing a more stylish, optimised version of another design from the 1970s: double-decker buses. Widely used in South African cities some 50 years ago, these two-level buses are ideal for modern metropolises, according to Phillip Kalil-Zackey, head of sales in the bus division of MAN Automotive South Africa.
“British Prime Minister Boris Johnson wanted bendy or articulated trolleybuses out of the city of London, because they cause gridlock. Similarly, in South Africa an articulated vehicle takes up a lot of space and is difficult to manoeuvre,” he explained at the 2019 Southern African Bus Operators Association (Saboa) Conference where the new vehicle was launched.
Two-level buses take up less space and carry more passengers. The 12-m MAN Lion’s City double decker, for example, can easily carry 86 passengers plus three on fold-up seats with a total estimated carrying capacity of 143 passengers if standing passengers are included.
The 18-m rear-engine articulated buses can carry around 53 seated and a total of 110 passengers on bus rapid transit (BRT) routes where the dispensation for higher axle capacities is granted.
“The Lion’s City double-decker bus has nothing special in length, but gains its advantage in height. It can legally take more passengers than an articulated bus,” Kalil-Zackey said. Along with the additional passengers, the double-decker bus is also easier to drive in a city.
“The driver doesn’t really feel the additional height on the 4,4-m bus, but the vehicle takes up less space on the road and manoeuvrability is very good thanks to a steer-tag axle. The passenger also hardly feels any movement when sitting on the upper deck,” Kalil-Zackey added.
While reviving an old design, the MAN Lion’s City double-decker bus is anything but old school. Apart from the clean design, plush seating and “hardwood look” vinyl flooring, it is equipped with a Euro-5 engine and its structure is hewn from aluminium, making it light but strong.
“It is actually unbelievably strong,” Kalil-Zackey explained. “The bus has already done a million kilometres on the MAN test track in Germany.” Although the product is from a third-party relationship, it is branded as a MAN product – an abnormal decision for the manufacturer.
“It is branded as a MAN product because it carries the full approval of MAN. Normally, we don’t brand third-party products in this way, but the Lion’s City double-decker bus was designed, styled and tested by MAN,” Kalil-Zackey said.
The vehicle is equipped with all the safety features available, including an electronic stability program (ESP), which supports the driver in critical driving situations. The bus can also be adapted or customised for a range of applications, such as sightseeing. The 268 kW (360 hp) Euro-5 engine doesn’t require AdBlue and emits more than enough power to easily transport the additional passengers.
“The bus has a catalytic converter, which cleans the bad carbons out of the exhaust,” Kalil-Zackey noted. “With the higher torque, the fuel consumption on the Lion’s City double-decker bus will outperform any other vehicles with an equivalent passenger carrying capacity in a city application.”
The improved fuel consumption also contributes to the lower total cost of ownership compared to running the traditional 18-m buses, or two “solo” buses. Kalil-Zackey pointed out: “Yes, the initial price is high because of the technology in the vehicle, but from a total cost of ownership point of view, there is only one driver, there are less wheels on the road, it provides better fuel consumption, cheaper licensing fees with the lighter vehicle (just over 14 t), which in turn equates to more passengers.”
Over 1 000 units of the double-decker buses are already in operation in Hong Kong, China, Singapore, Australia and Dubai, United Arab Emirates. MAN believes there is a bright future for this bus in South Africa, which already has a history with this design.
Kalil-Zackey said: “South Africa was a traditional double-decker market in the 1970s. Every major city had these buses. Johannesburg still has these buses today and wishes to remain a city with double-decker buses. There is definitely a future for this product. MAN simply took the initiative to introduce it. There needs to be a product that potential customers can touch and feel.”
In addition to the Lion’s City double-decker bus, MAN also launched its high-floor, rear-engine city bus with a 238 kW (320 hp) Euro-5 engine, the RR9 19-320 model, at Saboa.
It is the second year that MAN has launched multiple products for the bus sector at Saboa despite the decline of sales in the industry. While some might think it odd, MAN is looking to future trends.
“There has been a decline in the bus sector, but this is seasonal. I believe there will be an uptick in the New Year,” Kalil-Zackey predicted. When this uptick occurs, MAN will be ready with a host of stylish solutions for its clientele.